Guarding a river and clear water——Side notes on the protection of Sun Shuihe by the Standing Committee of the Fifth Municipal People's Congress
"It is necessary to carry out clean-up and rectification actions on prominent issues such as" random occupation, random mining, random piles, and random construction ", and promote the formation of a joint work situation;
"We must firmly adhere to the bottom line of water ecology and water environment, and strive to solve the problems of water environment, water ecology and water safety around the masses";
"It is necessary to speed up the general goal of" unobstructed rivers, clear waters, embankments, green shores, and beautiful scenery ", and make" good water quality in the middle of the river and beautiful scenery on the river banks "the normal state ..."
On November 25, Li Jianuo, the secretary of the Municipal Party Committee and the director of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress, asked all departments at all levels to take the laws and regulations as the criterion to effectively assume the political responsibility of "guarding the river and the water" for the people. Legislation: buckle Sun Shuihe's first "button"
The entire length of the Sunshui River is 94 kilometers, and its drainage area is 816 square kilometers. It is an important source of drinking water in the center of Loudi. It is called "Mother River" by residents along the river and in the center of Loudi.
According to the masses along the river, the old Sunshui River was crystal clear and the water was sweet. However, in recent years, with the acceleration of industrialization and urbanization, especially the weak awareness of water resources protection, the water quality of Sunshuihe is not as good as before. Although the government has taken many measures, the phenomenon of crowding up rivers, direct drainage of sewage, and littering has been repeatedly banned.
“The Municipal People ’s Government issued the“ Water Pollution Prevention and Control Measures for the Sunshui River Basin of Loudi City ”as early as 2004, and carried out special treatment of the Sunshui River Basin.” The person in charge of the Municipal Water Resources Bureau believes that although some results have been achieved, the water resources of the Sunshui River Basin There are still many problems that need to be resolved in management, water pollution prevention, water ecology protection and river management.
"It is imperative and urgent to speed up Sun Shuihe's protection legislation." The official said.
In 2016, Loudi was approved for some local legislative powers.
"What is the focus of Loudi's first local regulations? The leadership opinions of the Municipal Party Committee, the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress, and the Municipal People's Government are highly unified." Chen Jianxin, then chairman of the Municipal People's Congress Legal Committee and director of the Legal Work Committee of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress, recalled it as soon as possible. The "Regulations on the Protection of Sunshui River in Loudi City" were quickly determined.
In order to buckle the first "button" for the protection of the "Mother River", the drafting team of the bill has always adhered to the problem-oriented approach, and has worked hard to establish a practical and operable law.
The Legislative Archives of the Legal Work Commission showed that through field surveys, interviews, information consultations, and seminars, the drafting group listed 18 points of industrial point sources, agricultural non-point sources, and urban and rural domestic waste pollution. In response to these issues, we responded one by one in drafting regulations and designing the system. At the same time, following the voices of the masses, following the decision-making spirit of the Party Central Committee and the State Council on the construction of ecological civilization, after repeated demonstrations, ecological compensation, river system, and entrusted law enforcement were written into the draft regulations.
It took more than one year to hold more than 60 forums, surveys, review meetings, consultation meetings, consultation meetings, etc., and after nearly 20 "embroidered" revisions, the regulations were successfully passed on September 29, 2017 The Standing Committee of the Provincial People's Congress reviewed and approved it, and it will be officially implemented from January 1, 2018. Since then, the protection of Sun Shuihe has injected legal elements. Intensive Inspection: "One River, One Policy" + Hechang Supervisor System
How well the regulations are implemented and what issues need to be resolved have always been the concern of the leaders of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress.
On October 25, 2018, Xie Zhixiong, Secretary of the Party Committee and Executive Deputy Director of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress, led the team to organize a meeting of the directors to conduct a concentrated inspection in the Sunshui River Basin. In the Yangjiatan Ecological Pilot Area in Lianyuan City, Yangshi Town Sewage Treatment Plant, Maotang Industrial Park and Toutangjing River Sewage Outlet in Louxing District, and the drinking water source of the water plant, the inspection team conducted on-site inspections. Inspection of drinking water source protection, surrounding environmental sanitation, sewage treatment plant operation and management.
On November 28th, the 39th Chairman's Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Fifth Municipal People's Congress heard and reviewed the report of the inspection team on the implementation of the inspection of the "Regulations on the Protection of Sunshui River in Loudi City".
"This intensive inspection activity took more than a month from inspection to deliberation, and achieved remarkable results." Qian Qianxin, chairman of the Agricultural and Rural Committee of the Municipal People's Congress, said, "The biggest effect was to send a settlement letter to the Municipal People's Government on relevant issues. . "
In this assignment letter, a list of 30 key issues was clearly requested, and the Municipal People's Government was required to study one by one, formulate solutions, and earnestly implement rectification.
"The Municipal People's Congress Standing Committee meeting also recommended that the Municipal People's Government implement a" one river and one policy "on the protection of Sun Shuihe, and explore the establishment of a system of river chiefs and supervisors, so that the people's congress and the government can work together to make joint efforts to protect Sun Shuihe." Qian Bureau Xin believes that these two proposals will definitely have a long-term effect.
The "chemical reaction" of the centralized inspection and delivery letter is very obvious.
On May 22, 2019, the 49th Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Fifth People's Congress of the Municipality heard a report from the Municipal People's Government on the implementation of the "Regulations on the Protection of the Sunshui River in Loudi City" and the implementation of relevant issues. The report shows that the 30 key issues raised in the assignment letter, 22 issues have been rectified in place, and 8 issues have been rectified in an orderly manner. The most interesting thing is that the city, county, township, and village four-level river length management system has been established in the Sunshui River basin. The deputy director of the Municipal People's Congress Standing Committee's agricultural and rural work is clearly the superintendent of Sun Shuihe City-level river chiefs, and urges river chiefs at all levels and local governments to perform their duties. Focusing on the "one river and one policy" submission, the Municipal People's Government has compiled the "SUN Shuihe" One River and One Policy "Implementation Plan (2018-2020), and issued the" Implementation Plan for the Implementation of the Regulations on the Protection of Sunshui River in Loudi City "and the" Implementation Implementation < Loudi City's Sunshuihe Protection Regulations> Work Plan ", and carried out research and demonstration around Sunshuihe ecological corridor, returning fields to wetland, river and lake water system connection, system management and other projects, and hastened to compile Sunshuihe water allocation, water supply safety, and waterline shoreline utilization And river delimitation.
At this meeting of directors, Xie Zhixiong requested that in accordance with the annual work points of the Municipal People's Congress Standing Committee, he carefully cast “combined punches” and start the law enforcement inspection of the implementation of the “Regulations on Protection of the Sunshui River in Loudi City” as soon as possible to continue to vigorously promote the protection of Sunshuihe. And water ecological environment improvement to ensure the continuity of supervision. Enforcement inspection: strong supervision after legislation
"The city's first local regulation, the" Regulations on the Protection of the Sunshui River in Loudi City, "was inspected by law enforcement, and the meeting of directors requested that it be used as a carrier to enhance the effectiveness of the theme education of 'not forgetting the original heart and remembering the mission.' Secretary-General Deng Guanglu believes that the protection of Sun Shuihe will be enacted in 2017, the centralized inspection will be conducted in 2018, and the enforcement of the regulations will be inspected in 2019. The Standing Committee will combine the legislative work with the supervision work, and it will be clear that Attention to the protection of Sun Shuihe.
Adhering to the problem-oriented and effect-oriented approach, and doing everything possible to find problems and solve problems simultaneously, have become the biggest highlights and characteristics of this law enforcement inspection.
At the training meeting for law enforcement inspection initiation, as the heads of the three groups, Chen Minghua, Zhong Nanxiu, and Peng Zengguang, deputy directors of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress, jointly voiced, "Master the truth, highlight the legal effects, and ensure that the" Regulations on the Protection of Sunshui River in Loudi City "come into effect. Really achieve the purpose of guaranteeing good governance and protecting Sun Shuihe by good law! "
Beginning in July, the people's governments at the city and county levels and relevant departments will carry out self-inspection, self-correction, and inspection while reforming around the implementation of regulations.
Beginning in August, the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress used three months to organize three law enforcement inspection teams and went to Lianyuan City, Louxing District, Loudi Economic Development Zone, and relevant municipal departments along the Sunshui River to carry out "carpet-style" inspections. Sunshui River source Baima Reservoir, township sewage treatment plants along the line, tap water points in central urban areas, project sites in economic development zones ... members of the law enforcement inspection team carefully inspected and assigned the problems on the spot.
"In addition to on-site inspections, we must organize more unannounced visits, and pay attention to using data to speak!" As for the inspection opinions from the first round of feedback, the three law enforcement inspection team leaders once again voiced their opinions.
As the person in charge of the law enforcement inspection office, Qian Juxin took the initiative to lead the members of the law enforcement inspection team to adopt a "four-to-two" approach, and "killed" 5 "back carbines" to Baima Reservoir, sewage treatment plant and other places. ", And commissioned a third-party professional testing agency to sample and test the water quality of several important sections of Sun Shuihe.
"During the unannounced visit, we found that there are public officials fishing in Baima Reservoir, how do you explain?"
"We didn't know that there were Sunshuihe protection regulations when we went to several households. We rarely saw the regulations publicity signs along the river. Is the propaganda in place?"
"During the law enforcement inspection, there were actually incidents of the illegal discharge of pollutants. Is law enforcement supervision absent and what is the legal deterrent?" ...
No matter at the situation feedback meeting, or at the meetings of the directors and the Standing Committee, the questions, questions, and counter-attacks of ground-truth and ground-throwing sounds truly reflected the voices of the people along the Sun Shuihe line and demonstrated that the Standing Committee of the National People ’s Congress supervises the The determination of "source"! "Supervision of the water ecology and water environment of Sunshui River is always on the way. Xie Zhixiong emphasized that unremitting efforts, innovative methods, and better results must be the norm for the work of the people's congresses at all levels in the city to protect the river and the water.